Meeting of the Milton Public Library Trustees
Present: Les Elder(chairperson), Nancy Johnson(treasurer),
Jennifer Palmatier(secretary), Justin Mayrand (technical consultant),
Absent: Mary Erwin(trustee), Max Johnson(trustee)
Mr. Elder began the meeting at 6:00 P.M.
Treasurer’s Report/Budget Review
The library has $4,300.00 remaining in this year’s budget. This includes a donation of $2,300.00 made by Robert Erwin, former trustee and president of the National Library Organization, and must be spent by December 31.
Ms. Johnson suggested that the trustees spend the $2,300.00 as follows: $900.00 will be allocated for books; $400.00, for supplies; and $1,000.00, for building repairs. All members present agreed.
Building Repairs and Improvements
Mr. Elder expressed concern about the recent electricity bills, which were quite high. The issue will be discussed at the January 14 meeting after the year’s budget has been reviewed.
Ms. Sprague noted that the library building should be kept locked when it is not officially open to the public, even if staff or cleaning crews are present in the building.
Mr. Elder ended the meeting at 7:00 P.M.
The next meeting will be on Thursday, December 18, at 5:00 P.M. in the Milton Public Library.
44. What institution is being discussed?
A. A school
B. A bookstore
C. A library
D. A housing complex
45. Who contributed money to this institution?
A. Nancy Johnson
B. Les Elder
C. Robert Erwin
D. Max Johnson
46. According to the minutes, what remark did Ms. Sprague make?
A. The performance of the cleaning crew is poor.
B. The cost of electricity is very high.
C. The December meeting should be rescheduled.
D. The doors of the library should be locked during non-business hours.
The increasing amount of personal information that can be collected by computer programs that track how people use Facebook has been revealed by an extensive academic study.
Such programs can show undisclosed private information such as Facebook users’ sexuality, drug-use habits and even whether their parents separated when they were young, according to the study by the University of Cambridge academics.
In one of the biggest studies of its kind, scientists from the university’s psychometrics team and a Microsoft-funded research center analyzed data from 58,000 Facebook users to predict traits and other information that were not provided in their profiles.
The algorithms were 88 per cent accurate in predicting male sexual orientation, 95 per cent for race and 80 per cent for religion and political leanings. Personality types and emotional stability were also predicted with accuracy ranging from 62-75 per cent.
The study highlights growing concerns about social networks and how data trails can be mined for sensitive information, even when people attempt to keep information about themselves private. Less than 5 per cent of users predicted to be gay, for example, were connected with explicitly gay groups.
Michal Kosinksi, one of the report’s authors, told the Financial Times that the university’s techniques could easily be replicated by companies to infer personal attributes a person did not wish to share, such as sexual orientation or political views: “We used very simple and generic methods. Marketing companies and internet companies could spend much more time and resources, and hence get much higher accuracy than we did.”
The report also revealed some unexpected correlations — such as people who liked ‘curly fries’ having higher IQs, while those who like Facebook’s “Sliding on Floors With Your Socks On” page were unlikely to use drugs.
47. The word “algorithm” in the fourth paragraph refers to _______.
A. the results of a study
B. information from the Facebook
C. the number of Facebook users
D. personality types and emotional stability
48. Why does the author mention “religion” in paragraph four?
A. To show the importance of it in people’s life
B. To support that people can collect information from Facebook
C. To give an example of the information predicted in the study
D. To illustrate the percentage of people with religious belief
49. According to Michal Kosinksi, which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. The study draws people’s attention for private information.
B. Information can be predicted correctly in the study.
C. Some personal information may be collected and used by some companies.
D. If people attempt to keep personal information private, things will change.
50. What’s the main point of this passage?
A. The efficiency of computer programs in data analysis
B. The result of a study can be predictable by computers.
C. Usefulness of some personal information in marketing
D. Personal Information could be collected and analyzed online.